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Value vs Growth Stocks: Which One Suits You?


Value vs Growth Stocks: Which One Suits You?

Value vs Growth Stocks: Which One Suits You?

Vantage Updated Updated Wed, 2024 January 31 09:24

Stocks are commonly classified into two main categories: value stocks and growth stocks. While this classification isn’t set in stone, there are distinct features that set each apart from the other.

Value stocks provide steady returns, while growth stocks come with the potential to multiply in value over time. What are the characteristics of each, what risks do they entail, and how should you decide which to choose; value vs growth stocks?

Let’s take a deeper look at what differs growth stocks from value stocks, how they work, and how investors can make the best use of value or growth stocks.

Overview: Value Stocks vs Growth Stocks

This table highlights some of the notable differences between value stocks and growth stocks.

Value StocksGrowth Stocks
Undervalued, with low P/E RatioOvervalued, with high P/E Ratio
Tends to be more mature and well-established companiesTends to be younger companies with unique or disruptive products 
Expected to provide steady and modest returns over timeExpected to deliver outsized returns relatively quickly
Higher dividend paymentsLower dividends payments (or none)
Lower volatility in stock priceGreater volatility in stock price
Requires ability to avoid value trapsRequires ability to pick winners early

What are Value Stocks?

Value stocks are stocks that are currently undervalued. The market believes their stock price does not fully reflect their earnings and long-term growth potential.

For instance, the book value of a company’s stock is at $50 per share. If it is currently trading at $40 per share, financial analysts would consider this to be a value stock.

This can be a relatively unknown company with great prospects that the market hasn’t gained attention in the market yet. It could also be well-known corporations facing temporary declines in stock prices due to internal factors like a company crisis, or external ones such as headwinds faced by the industry.

Value stocks tend to be of more mature, well-established companies, with proven business models and long-term revenue growth prospects.

Such companies tend to pay higher dividends – this is because their business is at a stage where steady revenue growth is the focus, and thus they can afford to distribute a higher percentage of their profits to shareholders.

Pros of Value Stock Investing

Value stocks offer comparatively more stable stock prices due to their mature revenue model and more predictable earnings, without the wild swings that may be found with growth stocks.

Another benefit offered by value stocks is income generation, often resulting from higher dividends that they tend to pay. Many successful companies also have a track record of gradually increasing the dividends they distribute over time, contributing to consistent capital appreciation.

Furthermore, value stocks generally have a tendency to withstand challenging economic times better, attributed to several factors such as higher brand recognition, a more established customer base, lower debt, larger cash reserves, and more.

Cons of Value Stock Investing

The flipside of having more stable stock prices is that the potential for greater-than-average returns is curtailed. As a result, value stocks may be perceived to offer slow or stagnant capital appreciation, especially in a shorter time frame.

Another downside is that value stocks may not appreciate as much as expected in stock prices, which might bore or frustrate investors looking for flashy price action.

Some value stocks also run the risk of being a value trap; this refers to a company with diminishing future prospects, making it challenging to achieve a favorable return on investment with such stocks.

Investors must avoid being too overly swayed by attractive valuations and instead, be vigilant in spotting potential value traps.

What are Growth Stocks?

Growth stocks are stocks that the market believes can deliver better-than-average returns. These stocks can either be small-, mid-, and large-cap stocks.

Growth investors are willing to pay a premium for this potential. Thus, this will drive the price up into overvalued territory, which is manifested in a higher price to earnings (P/E) ratio and other metrics.

Compared to value stocks, growth stocks tend to be of younger companies that aim to disrupt the industry with innovative or game-changing products and services. The corporate focus is to grow as quickly as possible into a market-leading position.

Accordingly, growth companies tend to favour reinvesting profits to further develop the business, rather than distribute them to shareholders.

Successful growth stocks are likely to see speedy advances in revenue, and later on, burgeoning profitability. The rise in these key metrics fosters increasingly positive views of the company’s value, which translates to higher share prices that can generate more business opportunities, creating a positive feedback loop.

Pros of Growth Stocks Investing

Growth stocks are favoured for their greater potential to outperform the market. Dramatic spikes in stock prices and huge rallies that happen over relatively short periods are not unheard of among growth stocks.

Furthermore, growth stocks often offer the potential to disrupt the market or fundamentally alter established norms. Those that have succeeded have the capacity to yield substantial rewards for investors. In certain instances, they might even result in life-changing capital gains.

Cons of Growth Stocks Investing

Growth stocks are inherently more volatile than value stocks, and require a higher risk tolerance. Stock prices can go through wild swings up and down, which needs the investors to have a strong stomach for risk and volatility.

Succeeding with growth stocks requires the ability to identify early winners. Growth investors also needs the conviction to hold them through tough times as it may take a while for the stock price to truly take off.

Another drawback of investing in growth stocks is the lack of income generation. Due to the need to grow the business as quickly as possible, growth stocks tend not to offer lower dividends, or even none at all.

Finally, growth stocks can be more sensitive to economic headwinds. As they are likely to have higher debt levels, growth stocks will need to rely on continued external funding.

value stocks vs growth stocks

Example of Value and Growth Stocks

Value Stocks

Value stocks fall under significant industries that are exposed to certain aspects of the market that are sensitive to economic conditions. These industries include energy, finance, consumer staples, and materials.

Here are some value stocks that fall under these industries:

Growth Stocks

These are growth companies that are expected to grow at a faster pace than the overall market. As such, these companies usually outperform the market.

Here are some examples of growth stocks:

Value vs Growth Stocks: Which Should You Choose?

Certainly, there’s nothing inherently wrong with investing in both growth stocks and value stocks. Each of these categories has its own merits and drawbacks, and they can complement each other within a portfolio.

Some investors may include both value and growth stocks in their portfolio for diversification. Others may focus more on either value or growth stock.

Also, in practice, many stocks have characteristics of both growth stocks and value stocks. Therefore, trying to focus exclusively on one or another may be moot.

Ultimately, which you should choose boils down to your investment styles, aims, preferences and timeline.

When trading either growth stocks or value stocks, you can also trade them using Contracts for Differences (CFDs) which are offered by Vantage. CFDs allow you to trade on the rise or fall in the stock price without having to own the actual stock.

Benefit from both value stocks and growth stocks with Vantage share CFDs. You’ll even enjoy $0 commissions when you trade US share CFDs with Vantage. Sign up and experience the difference with Vantage today!

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